Trudeau’s China agenda damaged by recent history

by on Dec 12, 2017 in Blog | Comments Off on Trudeau’s China agenda damaged by recent history

(December 12, 2017)  Over the past months the Canadian media has been filled with stories characterizing trade with China as either a golden opportunity or a blind walk into a totalitarian trap.  There is the offensive smell of long standing racism mixed with the patronizing greed that has characterized most western relations with the Middle Kingdom for centuries.

In this country we lack a deep sense of our own history.  Add in a lamentable lack of Canadian academics who actually work on Canadian history and you have a formula for the forgetfulness now on display about trade with China.  The neglect of that history has contributed to the mess facing Canada-China relations today.

After the Korean war America led a boycott and food embargo against China which the grain farmers of western Canada defied.  That food embargo caused wide-spread starvation in China.  You would not know it from the current crop of politicians and commentators, but Canada, or at least western Canada, started developing a mutually respectful trading relationship with China when the CWB ignored the American-led embargo and sold almost four million bushels of wheat to China in 1958.  Then the CWB signed a three year agreement with China in 1960.

Paul Babey FUA President

The American embargo and their pressure on Canada to stop selling grain to China were offensive to Paul Babey, the leader of the Farmers’ Union of Alberta and most of its province-wide membership.  As a young boy I can remember the FUA local members meeting in our family dining room to discuss and ultimately pass a motion to support sending a new trade delegation to Mao’s China to negotiate grain, food, and machinery sales to that starving and recently war-torn land.

The next year Babey and a delegation including the heads of the Prairie Wheat Pool Cooperatives and the Canadian Wheat Board went to China with the blessing of John Diefenbaker’s Conservative government.  They promptly enraged the Americans by signing another sales agreement with China for prairie grain.  That was in 1964 and since then China was one of the Canadian Wheat Board’s most reliable customers – so much so that the CWB developed a full time office in Beijing.

Unfortunately this relationship of mutual trust was destroyed in 2011 when the Harper Conservatives destroyed the Canadian Wheat Board.  China was effectively told by the Harper government to go to the much-disliked private American grain trade to secure its supplies of Canadian grown grain.  As was said here before, “For the Chinese this will represent a betrayal of trust by their Canadian counterparts that they will not soon forget.”

Adding insult to injury, last year when China asked for the same purity standards for Canadian canola as they were accustomed to being guaranteed on Canadian wheat our Prime Minister further insulted them when he took the side of the big foreign grain companies by insisting Chinese expectations were unscientific.

Former Wheat Board staff familiar with trading in Asia – both China and Japan were long standing premium customers – told this writer and many others the key to trading in China was establishing a relationship of trust and respect.

The Prime Minister’s insulting insistence on establishing a one-size fits all free trade agreement with China is simply another example of what I’m sure many in China and elsewhere will see as an arrogant and historically ignorant approach.

Some years ago, the farmer-led CWB pointed out that bi-lateral agreements, modelled on its long experience in China, other Asian countries, the Middle East, and Russia were the much-preferred route for a country like Canada where relationships of mutual trust and understanding were established.

Our good relationship with China is gone now.  Once the Harper Conservatives killed the Canadian Wheat Board, the Chinese government agency China National Cereals, Oils and Foodstuffs Corporation (COFCO) transformed itself from a reliable customer for Canadian grain into a major international grain trader.  Within less than three years COFCO shook up the structure of the international grain trade for the first time in over 100 years by becoming the third largest grain trader in the world.

click to enlarge

COFCO changed into a very strong player in the international grain trade for the simple reason that China will never again allow its food security to be threatened by the US-dominated private grain trade.

Ottawa still has the chance to rebuild the relationship with China by re-establishing a farmer-controlled Canadian Wheat Board.  Aside from restoring the full value of Canadian grain to the prairie farmers who produce it, the restored CWB could salvage the relationship it built with China over the 48 years after the Farmers Union of Alberta and the CWB first demonstrated the honesty, quality assurance, and reliability Canadian grain became known for.

End of Wheat Board marks end of frontier values of cooperation and equality

by on Aug 1, 2017 in Blog | 2 comments

Ending the Wheat Board

(August 1, 2017) The end of the Canadian Wheat Board five years ago certainly proves that unregulated capitalism works very effectively for the powerful and well organized.  Declining numbers and increasing debt show it does not work for farmers.

The CWB was a hybrid organization providing farmers with collective bargaining power, a professional standards association, and a world-wide reputation for honesty, quality-assured product, and reliable delivery.

Oh, and it also dependably got farmers 88% or better of the world price for their grain after all the costs for transportation and marketing  had been paid.  Now farmers are lucky to get 60% of the world price and the private trade is scooping up record profits from money that once ended up in farmers’ bank accounts.  Their local communities are seeing less spending thanks to farmers’ declining share of the world price too.

click to enlarge

Prairie farmers also had a very efficient storage and transportation system which was “right sized” to handle the whole prairie grain crop due to the CWB’s intelligent management.  Now that intelligence is gone and the private trade is racing to make farmers pay for increased capacity in both inland storage facilities and port terminals.

Never-the-less the vast majority of prairie delivery points are only serviced by a single company — two thirds in Manitoba and three quarters of the points in Alberta and Saskatchewan have only one elevator company.  So most farmers are finding themselves at the mercy of only one grain company and their new master is the elevator agent who decides which farmers get to deliver grain, when, and what each farmer gets paid.

The irony of having less choice as a result of a vociferous minority attacking the CWB demanding more choice is not lost on those who understand how the system works.

One of the first things that happened with the end of the CWB was an avalanche of complaints from former customers about poor quality control and unreliable delivery.  The end result was one of those customers, the Government of China, used its economic muscle to push aside the much reviled private grain trade and establish its own central grain trading agency (COFCO) as the third largest grain trader on the planet pushing the smaller Louis Dreyfus and Bunge down to fourth and fifth place.

click to enlarge

This changed the 140 year old order of the ABCD group of oligarchs on their perches but does nothing for prairie farm gate prices.  Combine this upset with further consolidation of prairie grain handling and it  makes the predictions from a U of Sk. Ag Economist that farmers will see their share of the grain price pushed down to just 20% seem closer to reality.

Now that the CWB is no longer there to speak to the importance of quality control and meeting customer demands, as they did when Monsanto attempted to introduce GM wheat some years ago, we are also seeing moves to further privatize the cereals genome.  We must remember this genome was paid for by prairie farmers and Canadian tax payers for the public good.

Those are the big changes, but there have been relatively smaller ones as well, not least of which is the loss of Canada’s only northern sea port and its physical isolation with the loss of the Churchill rail line.

Western historian Patricia Limerick suggests:  “the frontier ends when the pimps come to town” something prairie grain growers are becoming all too familiar with as they negotiate a world without the CWB in which they no longer have any control and precious little dignity.

The cost of losing food sovereignty

by on Apr 23, 2017 in Blog | Comments Off on The cost of losing food sovereignty

CWBA presentation to rural Alberta NDP

(April 23, 2017)  A few weeks ago I was invited to the annual general meeting of the Alberta NDP Party’s Rural Caucus to give a 20 minute presentation on issues facing agriculture which you can read here.  The meeting was held in Camrose, Alberta, in the heart of some of the most productive farm land in Alberta.

The audience for this meeting consisted of rural NDP activists and supporters as well as several NDP MLAs from rural ridings, members of the party brass, a couple of “stakeholder relations” people attached to the Premier’s office, and the Minister of Agriculture.

I opened by pointing out that Canadian literature, at least according to some Upper Canadians, is all about the theme of individual “survival” but that the theme of western Canada’s history is one of cooperation and collective prosperity.  That prosperity, I argued, is based on our sovereignty – our collective ownership and control of our grain production.

As said before, you can download and read an annotated version of the presentation by clicking here. It covers the great grain robbery since the CWB was killed, concentration of ownership in global agriculture, and the background to the current moves to privatize the cereals genome being carried out by the residue of the Harper government in Ottawa with help from Alberta Astroturf.

Lest readers assume that the Alberta NDP actually listened to any of this, not even two weeks later Minister Carlier introduced Bill 9 which gives the Alberta Astroturf check-off organizations the right to levy non-refundable production taxes on Alberta’s farmers – giving new meaning to “taxation without representation.” This was met with condemnation by many of the active farmers who are still Alberta NDP party members and by comments on Alberta Politics.

One of the bedrocks of democracy is the secret ballot.  Even in Saskatchewan, behind another kind of Wall, farmers have a secret mail-in ballot for electing their agricultural check-off groups.  Given Bill 9, this is something Alberta farmers can only dream of now.

This Alberta debacle is further evidence that losing food sovereignty is soon followed by a loss of political sovereignty.

The right to repair your own farm machinery

by on Mar 28, 2017 in Blog | Comments Off on The right to repair your own farm machinery

Software locks may not be exactly as illustrated

(March 28, 2017) Most of us have purchased a DVD movie and watched the threats of jail and fines for copying the content on the opening screen.  Any farmer who has purchased private sector based canola seed (and paid seven times the cost of publically created Certified Seed) knows about these types of draconian copyright notices and contracts as well.

What many farmers may not know is the same types of provisions (laughably called “protections”) are now being applied to the software which runs those nice display monitors in newer combines, tractors, and other farm equipment.

Like a DVD, you may think you have bought and own the tractor but you may not own or control the software which allows it to operate.

Last week one of Canada’s best east coast writers and reporters, Parker Donham, published a column on this subject which every farmer ought to read.

Donham reports that if farmers do their own repair work, even simple mechanical repairs, this may violate the machine’s software licence and render it useless until the farmer pays the company to re-activate the software.

Last year the University of Calgary had its main computer server hacked by bandits.  Using malware implanted on the system, these high-tech pirates froze the U of C’s computers until the University coughed up $20,000 to remove this “ransom ware.”

If the article by Donham is correct, farmers can be forgiven for asking exactly what is the difference between ransom ware and the firmware landmines that are apparently part of the software of some farm equipment?

Readers may recall a report cited here a couple of weeks ago which shows that global farm equipment sales are dominated by two companies.  Repairing farm equipment is already complex and expensive.  Farmers really do not need the added complications of contending with software that makes the process more taxing than it already is.  After all, it is not like they have much choice left in the matter.

You can read Donham’s article here:  “The right to repair your own tractor.”

International Women’s Day 2017

by on Mar 8, 2017 in Blog | Comments Off on International Women’s Day 2017

Edwards and Famous Five

(March 8, 2017) In several previous posts about international women’s day the important role played by prairie grain farmers and their organizations in advancing the equality of women in Canada has been highlighted.  From the 1890s the Territorial Grain Growers Association adopted a policy that women would be full and equal voting members and the web of support developed from there.

How wide that web spread was brought home to me this weekend when I attended a lecture by one of Canada’s foremost art historians and a former curator at the Glenbow, Lisa Christenson, at one of my favorite venues, the Red Deer Museum and Art Gallery.

A Y Jackson ‘Pincher Creek’

The occasion was the presence of a very rare display of Group of Seven paintings.  Most of us know the Group of Seven as upper-Canadian artists who, after their experiences of the First World War, explored and painted the forests and lakes of Ontario.  Many of us know them from their paintings of the dreary and rock-bound Canadian Shield.  But, some of them painted grain country.

What I did not know was the many rural Alberta connections to the Group of Seven in general and particularly the role of one of the Famous Five, Henrietta Muir Edwards in supporting Fort Macleod, Alberta artist Annora Brown.

To quote the curator of the Museum exhibit Mary Beth Laviolette’s book A Delicate Art, Brown was “a first generation pioneer of an emerging artistic community in Alberta.”

Annora Brown

Part of the genesis of this artist lies with her exposure to the egalitarian feminist ideals of the western Canadian suffragettes she met at the meetings of the Women’s Christian Temperance Union and the Fortnightly Club.  The Club was a southern Alberta book club of rural women formed in 1908 which arranged to have books borrowed from the distant Library of Montreal’s McGill University for the study of politics and art from around the world.

Muir Edwards was one of the participants along with other notable feminists of the time Nellie McClung and Louise McKinney.  Muir Edwards recognized the artistic talent of the young Annora Brown and to quote Brown via Laviolette’s biography, Muir Edwards gave her art supplies and “A sheaf of water colour paper, at a time when the cost of even one sheet was inhibiting.”

Brown went on to study with the Group of Seven in Ontario and developed her own prairie way of looking at the natural world.  She went on to write and illustrate one of the influential art works of prairie Canada, Old Man’s Garden which did much to foster in prairie culture a love of the natural landscape rooted in Aboriginal tradition and a fine attention to detail.

Annora Brown ‘Foothills village’

The exhibit, curated by Mary Beth Laviolette certainly contains its share of mountain scenes but much of it is devoted to paintings of the prairies, their inhabitants, and a few notable ones of grain elevators.  Nobody who farms or has an eye for landscape can fail to appreciate these paintings.  While he painted A.Y. Jackson was often a guest of prairie farm families who were part of that cooperative network.  You can see one of Jackson’s original paintings where he even got the proportions of the elevators right, which is a rare and difficult thing to do.

The exhibition runs until March 12, 2017 at the Red Deer Museum and Art Gallery.  Grain farmers will feel welcomed by the elevator and grain motifs built into the entry to the Museum and the prairie paintings from the 1920s to the 1960s will be at once familiar and interesting.  Just go in the front door and turn left into the gallery – admission by donation – and celebrate international women’s day and its deep cultural connection to prairie grain farmers.

Are farmers dealing with 117 year old problem?

by on Feb 28, 2017 in Blog | 2 comments

(February 28, 2017) One of the most well founded complaints from prairie grain farmers is about not getting fair weighing and grading of their grain by elevator companies.  In fact 117 years ago this March the Senkler Royal Commission tabled its report documenting how prairie grain handling companies were exploiting farmers through price fixing, dishonest weights, and even more dishonest grades.

This Commission was part of how prairie farmers got the first pieces of legislation that would eventually lead to the Canadian Grain Commission with its mandate to enforce fairness in grading and weighing of grain.

But guess what?  I and many others have been hearing complaints lately that demonstrate the grain elevator companies are behaving in ways that have a strong similarity to the findings of the Senkler Commission.  With the end of the Canadian Wheat Board and the gutting of the Canadian Grain Commission by the Harper government we probably shouldn’t be surprised.

117 years ago the Senkler Commission observed:  “the elevator owners have had it in their power to depress prices below what in our opinion farmers should realize for their grain.  It would naturally be to their interest to so depress prices; and when buying, to dock as much as possible.”

The Commission found that farmers were baited into the elevator with promises of a high price for their first quality wheat and then switched to a lower payment either because it was claimed the grain was a poor quality, or  the elevator had no room for number one wheat but did have room for a lower value grade.  117 years later we are hearing similar experiences from grain farmers across the prairies.  Some things just never change.

Wheat Prices Take a Ride – Click to enlarge –

The National Farmers Union is asking farmers for their experiences selling grain to elevators, mills, and other buyers.  Instead of a Royal Commission holding meetings across Manitoba and the “North West Territories” as Alberta and Saskatchewan were then known, the NFU questionnaire will be mailed to NFU members and is available on-line so any farmer across Canada can put their information forward.  The survey can be completed anonymously.

The NFU on-line survey also contains some useful gems of wisdom too many farmers may have forgotten.  For example the law requires that any grain delivery contract between a farmer and a grain company must include provisions for a penalty to be paid to the farmer if the licensed grain company has not accepted the farmer’s grain (of the kind and grade of grain specified) during the delivery period defined in the contract.

It also contains a link to the Canadian Grain Commission web page explaining how to obtain a mandatory and binding grade on grain delivered to a licensed elevator.  These provisions provide protection to farmers who use them.

The NFU will keep all individual responses confidential and aggregate the results for future publication.  This is an opportunity for farmers to have their say and give the NFU and government current information on the behavior of the grain trade.

Get clicking here: NFU on-line survey

CETA enables giants in agriculture

by on Feb 16, 2017 in Blog | 3 comments

(February 16, 2017)  The approval by the European Union of the Canada-European Union Comprehensive Economic and Trade Agreement (CETA) makes the world safer for the global agricultural cartels and much less pleasant for Canadian farmers and the consumers in both jurisdictions.

Industry friendly farm groups, like the Alberta Wheat Commission, are accentuating the positive while closing their eyes to the reality of the giant global cartels setting themselves up to profit even more from farmers and food consumers.

The EU’s Parliament also ignored a very useful examination of the global agricultural cartel called  The Agrafood Atlas 2017 from Germany’s Heinrich Boell Foundation and co-published with Oxfam Deutschland and the prestigious French newspaper Le Monde Diplomatique, among others.  It contains some astounding information about global agricultural business.  Unfortunately, the report itself is only available in German, but with thanks to their good graphs, Google translate, and a little patience, I can provide a summation of some of its findings.

(Note:  some months after this article was published, the Agrafood Atlas was translated into English and can be found at the above link)


Click to enlarge

Their report says that in agro-chemicals and seed 7 corporations currently hold dominant positions.  Soon there will be only 4.  Just 3 of them, the report says, will control over 60% of the global seed and chemical markets.





Click to enlarge

Also on the input side for farmers are the fertilizer manufacturers.  The top ten identified last year include two Canadian firms, Agrium and Potash Corporation, who are in merger talks.

Like grain, fertilizer is one of those bulk commodities that is very sensitive to transportation costs.  So the merger of Agrium and Potash Corp will create an effective monopoly fertilizer seller leaving prairie farmers as a captive market.



It will be no surprise to prairie farmers that “In wheat, maize, and soy beans there are only 4 international companies that dominate 70% of the market” – they’ve known about the ABCD group for decades, but what may be a surprise is that COFCO, the Chinese government and private food agency now ranks as number three.





Click to enlarge

Effectively there are only 6 farm equipment manufactures with CHN and John Deere holding about 70% of the global market with Mahindra and Kubota tied for a distant third, and Agco and Claas bringing up the rear.







Click to enlarge

This grim trend continues with animal genetics which have effectively been cornered by just 7 global corporate giants.

As these giant global corporations consolidate their power around the world, it is easy to see the coming attack on supply management of dairy, eggs, and chickens in Canada taking shape and following the model used to destroy the farmer-controlled Canadian Wheat Board.

Ratification of CETA by the rubber stamp Parliament in Ottawa will seriously injure the dairy sector, one of the few Canadian farm sectors that is successful without government subsidies and huge farm debt loads.

CETA will also place further pressure on Ottawa to continue privatizing the cereal grains’ genomes which farmers and the public have paid for over the years.  We know from the miserable Canadian experience with the privatized canola model that private seed research costs more and delivers sub-standard yield increases.  This also makes the Harper government’s destruction of Federal agricultural research libraries take on new significance.

Farmers find themselves surrounded by giant cartels on all sides and it certainly doesn’t help farmers’ bottom line to be stuck in the middle without the collective bargaining power they once had in grain handling and marketing.  Prairie farmers are already feeling the pinch of exploitation by the private grain trade having seen a third or more of the value of their production taken from them by the agents of the grain companies of the ABCD group.

Canadians are learning about an economic rule of thumb known as the “iron law” of prices and wages:  once a handful of corporations control the majority of the money in any sector, free markets are deader than door nails and without counter balances like marketing boards and labour unions, prices and wages are driven to subsistence levels.

Giants and farmer
Not to scale

The increasing debt burden in the farming sector since the Harper government killed the Canadian Wheat Board demonstrates just how quickly this can happen.  Food consumers, facing extortionate grocery prices and falling real wages, will only be fooled for so long by bogus claims taxes are the cause of rising food prices as they see farmers getting less and less for the commodities they buy in the grocery store every day.

Given the reality of the giant cartels dominating essentially all the high ground of the global economy labelling treaties giving those corporations more power as “progressive” will not fool many people for long.  Ratification of CETA will simply further empower giant corporations to take more money from farmers and consumers.


Looming problems in antibiotics a warning for plant breeding

by on Jan 19, 2017 in Blog | Comments Off on Looming problems in antibiotics a warning for plant breeding

1920 Alberta well baby clinic – LAC photo

(January 19, 2017) I had an aunt who only lived for nine days in 1919.  Like so many children and young women in the age before antibiotics she was killed by a simple bacterium that can now be cured with a short round of antibiotics.

From the 1930s onward those antibiotics were developed by dozens of private companies driven by a profit motive usually provided by government procurements to address social need.  However, we are seeing this model break down as the major pharmaceutical companies engage in a merger and acquisitions frenzy just like the recent mergers of the major agro-chemical-seed companies.  The names of these so-called “life-sciences” companies will be very familiar to both farmers and medical professionals with Monsanto and Bayer immediately coming to mind.

Professor Matt Cooper, the Director of the IMB Centre for Superbug Solutions at the University of Queensland estimates there are now only about 1,500 scientists in the world who understand how to hunt for and develop new antibiotics.  Earlier this year Radio Australia reported that AstraZeneca downsized from hundreds of people in its antibiotic lab to just 14.  The report went on to say that when Cubist, a major independent pharmaceutical company was bought out by the pharmaceutical giant Merck, they fired all 120 antibiotic researchers.  So between just these two companies the number of people working to keep the next generation of children safe from the common infections that killed my aunt some 98 years ago, has been reduced by a significant amount.

The reason is quite simple:  antibiotics are not very profitable.  Unlike treatments for excess blood pressure or cholesterol, which are used for the lifetime of the patient, antibiotics are seldom taken for longer than a couple of weeks.  The result is the development of new antibiotics has essentially stalled since the pharmaceutical mergers and acquisitions frenzy placed profit before social obligation.

The looming catastrophe in the antibiotics field is an obvious warning that the private sector model is a failure and there is a clear conflict between making a profit and providing what amounts to an essential public good.

So this raises a red flag for farmers considering the future of cereals plant breeding.  Cereals Canada, the Alberta Wheat, Barley, and Canola Commissions, and some members of the Manitoba Wheat and Barley Commission are promoting the idea that control of cereals research should be handed over to the agro-chemical-seed companies along with a substantial amount of farmers’ check-off money.

Now it is no surprise Cereals Canada favours privatizing the cereals genome since its board is dominated by two groups:  representatives of the big grain handling companies and representatives of the big agro-chemical-seed companies.  As every farmer knows, canola seed is ridiculously expensive compared to seed developed through public plant breeding.

Obviously if this privatization process is not stopped farmers will pay the same extortionate rates for all the other cereal crop seed stocks as well.  As with canola, farmers will pay twice:  once with their check-off dollars for the research and again to the agro-chemical seed companies for the right to use the seed genetics farmers have already paid to research.  This is not to mention the built in conflict of interest this would create (read more here).

Since the Saskatchewan Wheat Commission is the only wheat commission on the prairies that is actually democratically elected by all wheat farmers paying for its operation, it is no surprise it has refused to join the industry-captured Alberta commissions and Cereals Canada in their quest to privatize the cereals genome. Manitoba farmers will have the opportunity to ask what the people running for positions on the Manitoba Wheat and Barley Commission stand for next month.

My friends in the medical community assure me that the end of the age of antibiotics is a life and death matter, and no doubt had she lived my late aunt would have understood that.  But the control of the cereals genome is more than just Cereals Canada having its way and forcing farmers to pay its members much more for seed genetics.  The cereals genome is just as much a matter of life and death as the antibiotic situation.  The question for farmers and policy makers is will we make the same mistake with the cereals genome that has been made with antibiotics?

The year farms got smaller

by on Jan 4, 2017 in Blog | Comments Off on The year farms got smaller


2016 model pull type combine

(January 4, 2017) Like an old Queen once said of another year, 2016 was an Annus horribilis for most prairie farmers.  Bumper crops ended up snowed under or degraded by excessive rainfall.  The pull-type combine made a comeback with many farmers adding a four wheel drive tractor on standby to rescue combines stuck in the mud.  But hey, when not stuck in the mud or buried in snow, the yields were great.

However, the big story of 2016 was the shrinking influence and market power of prairie farmers compared to the ever larger cartels they face on both the input and marketing side.

The merger of major agro-chemical seed companies like Bayer and Monsanto and the take-over of Syngenta by the Chinese Government’s “ChemChina,” come to mind.  Not to mention fertilizer makers Potash Corp and Agrium agreed to a merger which would make that sector into one dominated by just three corporations surpassing the market dominance of the big four grain trade companies (ABCD group).

Big Grain

Big Grain

The government of Saudi Arabia and Bunge, one of the ABCD group, continued their building binge on the prairies and perhaps in Vancouver as well – using the Canadian Wheat Board (CWB) equity taken from farmers and effectively gifted to them by the Harper government.

Of course the loonies who killed the market power of prairie farmers by killing the CWB did not sit on their laurels this past year.  They have managed to push both the Alberta NDP’s Rachel Notley and the photogenic Liberal Justin Trudeau into continuing to implement many of the Harper-era agricultural policies designed to make the world safe for big grain and chemical companies and decidedly less friendly for farmers.

While tout le monde in Alberta was all a quiver about the NDP carbon tax, the Notley government was ignoring calls to review provincially mandated financing of Alberta-based astro-turf groups aggressively pushing the introduction of genetically modified wheat on the Federal stage.  Not to mention the Alberta Wheat Commission is already on record as demanding that our grain grading standards be harmonized with the much lower quality standards used by our global rivals.  If this happens it will end one of the few remaining advantages prairie farmers have in the international grain market.

Not to be outdone, the Trudeau government followed the same bad advice from the industry captured Canola Council of Canada regarding Chinese canola grading concerns by lowering our dockage standards to match those of other nations.  This amounted to giving the Chinese an automatic price discount while making it much easier for the multinational grain handling companies to pick and choose the source of canola for sale to China based on which farm community is most desperate to sell.  This guarantees the Chinese and other customers the lowest possible price while throwing away our unique Canadian advantage, paid for by prairie farmers, for producing the cleanest and highest quality product on the planet.

This deeply foolish move gives the impression that Prime Minister Trudeau’s apparently shallow understanding of agriculture was taken advantage of by slick industry insiders manipulating a Federal Agriculture Minister from a province not noted for its grain production.

The beginning of 2016 saw the NDP adopt something called the “Leap Manifesto” for discussion.  This collection of generalities and feel good statements called for, among other things, more local food production.


So it is appropriate to note that the holiday season of 2016 is likely to be the high point of local food production and consumption in Canada.  To date all the milk, eggs, chickens, and turkeys are still grown on (mostly) western Canadian farms thanks to farmer-controlled marketing Boards.  Given the Liberal endorsement of the Canada-EU Trade Agreement (CETA) and the peculiar lack of attention by the Alberta NDP, this will soon be a thing of the past.

Artisanal ice-canola-2016

Artisanal ice-canola-2016

In fact, as was said here some time ago, the disappearance of Canadian-grown grain is already starting.  For those of us west of Thunder Bay, all our wheat products, pasta, and almost all the beer still come from grain grown on prairie farms although from more centralized processing plants.  But for those of you east of Thunder Bay, now that the farmer-run Canadian Wheat Board has been killed, your bread and pasta may well be partly or wholly made with wheat from the Ukraine.

However, there are some bright spots in the grain outlook.  In spite of the best efforts of the Alberta Wheat, Barley, and Canola commissions to see the control of the grains genome and plant breeding turned over to the big agro-chemical-seed companies, when given a vote, farmers have been firmly resistant.  Another bright spot is many of the farmers who were paid by a major agro-chemical-seed company in the 1990s to spy on their neighbours and report about individuals questioning the value of introducing genetically modified wheat have retired.

The Trudeau Liberals have also brought some real sunny ways to the Federal scene.  Research scientists have had their muzzles removed, and some key environmental research projects have been revived.  More immediately important, Ottawa appears to have restored funding to agricultural research.  And so far at least, the Minister of Transport has resisted the calls for further deregulating the railways coming from the same groups who want GM wheat.

So it would be fair to hope that Ottawa will continue to restore what Harper destroyed in Agriculture at the Federal level, and unlike what appears to be happening south of the medicine line, 2017 could well be a year of rebuilding the public trust in Canada.  Time will tell.

Farmers lose in port storage arms race

by on Dec 22, 2016 in Blog | 1 comment

(December 22, 2016)  Some months ago I remarked on the amount of new grain bins farmers were purchasing (Prairie Arms Race) so they could store their crops for longer periods and ‘pool’ their returns by choosing when to give up ownership to one of the ABCD group’s agents.  This need for grain storage is another cost for farmers from Ritz and Harper killing the Canadian Wheat Board.  It is a reality that is a far cry from when Minister Ritz was gleefully assuring farmers that grain bin sales people would be very unhappy because grain would move so quickly “farmers will not have to start their trucks in winter” after the CWB was gone.

However prairie farmers are not only spending thousands on new grain bins, they will also be spending millions of dollars financing another arms race in storage and grain handling as grain handling companies are expanding or building new inland terminals.  Not to mention announcements of at least two new port terminals for Vancouver.

Most farmers know that rather than itemize their costs, the grain handling companies hide them in a catch-all category called “basis” – a term sufficiently vague that it allows compliant economists and others to stop the conversation there.  Repeated often enough it reliably induces a consensus trance in audiences and prevents uncomfortable questions.

Consensus Trance

Consensus Trance

Questions like:  where is the justice in allowing a collection of oligarchs to take between one-third and one-half the value of the prairie grain crop away from farmers when farmers used to receive their crops’ full value by using the collective bargaining power of the Canadian Wheat Board?

One of the most recent additions to the storage and handling race is from Parrish and Heimbecker Limited (P&H) and Paterson GlobalFoods Inc. (PGF).  They are well into the regulatory process to replace their 15,000 tonne port terminal on the Fraser River with a new 77,000 tonne model.  This is a significant investment for these two smaller companies but only about a 5% net capacity gain for the port of Vancouver.

Using its deep pockets and the hundreds of millions of dollars effectively gifted to it from CWB assets (paid for by farmers) G3 Corp. has built new inland terminals and acquired existing ones across the prairies.  They have also announced plans for new port terminals on both the east and west coasts.  The one at Vancouver will have a reported capacity of 180,000 tonnes on the Burrard Inlet.  If we accept reports, Vancouver’s terminal capacity is set to be increased by about 28% as a result.

However, it is unlikely this build-out will do much, if anything, to improve farm-gate grain prices for prairie farmers.  We know when the companies can download costs, they do.  That’s just good business for them.  It is a rare farmer with the choice of more than one grain elevator at a delivery point.  According to the Canadian Grain Commission, less than 10% of Manitoba delivery points have more than one Elevator Company.  In Saskatchewan the number is 20% and in Alberta it is a mere 12%.  That does not create much competition.

While some farmers may think grain companies compete for their grain it actually works the other way around with hundreds of farmers chasing one grain company.  If there is any competition among grain companies, it will be paid for by other farmers being forced to take a lower price for the same grade and quality of grain some other time in the crop year or at some other delivery point in the system.  With no effective regulation to prevent profiteering by the grain handling oligarchy it is all too easy for them to make farmers pay for the increased handling capacity they are building on speculation.

In spite of the monotonous claims to the contrary by the Western Grain Elevators Association, the cartel representing the grain elevator oligarchy, we know from impartial Canadian Transportation Agency hearings this problem is not a transportation issue.

With the CWB farmers typically received about 90% of the port price after elevation costs and about 80% after paying rail costs.  We seem to be well on track to seeing agricultural economist James Nolan’s careful explanation in December of 2014 being confirmed by experience. He observed that without the CWB’s market power farmers were getting around 40 to 60% of a grain sale.  He went on to note some economic models show that the farmers’ share could decrease to about 20%.  With this speculative boom in grain handling capacity, it seems that model may just be moving closer to reality.